Unit 1: Photo montage

For this task I had to combine different images to make one image, this technique is called a photo montage. We did this so we could learn about photo montage and how we can use it and to practice our Photoshop skills for the future use for this course.  

Computer spill

To create this image I first Found the image of a laptop on a desk, this would be the main image and background. Next I found oil spills off Google and pasted them in a different photoshop window, I then took the white backgrounds off the oil spills by using the quick selection and deleting the White background. I took the White background off the oil spills so they don’t look like images. I then copied and pasted the edited oil spill back to the main window and then started to work on combining the images.

Again I made another window but place the laptop image in it, I then removed all the background and only kept the keyboard part of the laptop by using quick selection. I placed the keyboard back in the main window and put the keyboard over the background keyboard by placing the layer above the background layer, that way I could place the first oil spill under that layer and make it look like its leaking from the bottom. I then started to work on the next oil spill by placing it on the laptops screen, I did this by using the move tool. Once in place I made the image more adjust to the perspective of the laptop; I did this by using the direct selection and pulling on the corners of the selection box around the image.

oil spill being edited      laptop keyboard

Once adjusted, I combined all the layers and added a filter around the edges; I did this by using the Lasso tool and selecting the middle and then inverting it to select the outside; I then used the pixel filter, making the outside look pixelated. After that I finished up by blurring the edges of oil spill on the screen; I did this on its furthest side so it would fit the images perspective as when a object becomes more distant, it gets harder to focus on.

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Unit 4 2.1, 2.2: photo manipulation

Kate Perry Photoshop before and after

Katy Perry before and after photoshop | pictures | Pinterest | Katy Perry and Photoshop. 2016. Katy Perry before and after photoshop | pictures | Pinterest | Katy Perry and Photoshop. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.pinterest.com/pin/279293614363082102/. [Accessed 14 October 2015].

This image is a close up Picture of Katy Perry, the image has been manipulated by Photoshop, the picture on the right is the original and the left is the manipulated picture. They have mostly used a the smudging tool to get rid of anything that is stopping her skin looking smooth and have also used a color changer to make her eyes more blue. These changes were made to make Katy Perry look beautiful and to have no flaws, keeping her audience thinking she is a perfect woman.

Their are many social issues this picture has raised after being manipulated, this will cause women to try and become as perfect as her even though it’s impossible. This will lead to many women getting depressed from this and also cause some women to take extreme precautions, such as plastic surgery; this will also cause men to make higher standards towards women even though they don’t exist. And again more women will try to become something they are not to please men, causing a vicious cycle.

These photo manipulation techniques have become a commonplace because making celebrities more beautiful than they really are can raise the market in their products, allowing celebrities to gain more money over a shorter period of time.

Learning this technique would allow me to make textures more smooth and learn how to change the color of specific objects in an image, I would use this for advertisement, animation and design.

Keira Knightley

The Reality of Celebrity Photoshop: Before and After | Messy Nessy Chic. 2016. The Reality of Celebrity Photoshop: Before and After | Messy Nessy Chic. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.messynessychic.com/2010/10/12/the-reality-of-celebrity-photoshop-before-and-after/. [Accessed 14 October 2015].

This image is a picture of Keira Knightley on a film poster, again with same positioning as first picture. They used the warp tool on photoshop to resize Keira’s breasts and also used a filter but for the film posters look, not because of Keira. They resized Keira’s breasts to attract a larger audience, this is because it applies to a large majority of men.

This can have a social and cultural effect on people, as men would then expect more from women when sometimes its impossible without extreme measurements such as plastic surgery. So women would then try to become something they are not to please men and slowly more and more women will try to have bigger breasts, changing the culture and social things that are accepted.

These techniques are used in the commonplace because it can be used for advertisement, so they can attract a bigger audience and receive more money from people watching it. But this can also be used to create art by resizing small objects and making them bend.

These issues are relevant to my professional practice, as I may have to learn this technique in the future to use for art and I also might be forced to use the technique to do the same in the image to advertise, so I can attract a bigger audience.

The industry continue to push this kind of representation and manipulation of these images because people believe that perfect women are slender, have big breasts and have no flaws. So to attract a bigger audience they must give them what they expect to be a perfect women, this also leads to why they manipulate images of women. It is nearly impossible to become a perfect women as audience have such high standards; so the easiest method of obtaining a perfect women in a magazine is to manipulate the image. This way they can easily gain a much larger audience.

 

 

Unit 2- Applying research tools and methods to drawing

The first task I was given was to draw one of my appliances from home, only using my memory. We did this because we were learning about the different types of drawing techniques, such as drawing from memory and drawing from a picture.

There were only two obstacles I faced, first was picking the appliance I could remember the best, which was the microwave and second was remembering the little details on the microwave such as the number and shapes on the dials. The scale was definitely not correct, the measurements had no relation to the actual microwave but the microwave did have the right shape when comparing it to the real thing. The positioning of the features of the microwave was very accurate compared to the real microwave, the dials seemed to be placed right and the button on the bottom right of the microwave is there.

When comparing the drawing from memory and the actual microwave they are very similar, but only a few features are missing from the drawing, such as the measurements on the dial and the lines on the bottom and top of the microwave.

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image

When researching the actual size of the microwave, I used a measuring tape and wrote down the size of the microwave, I used my Ipad to take a photo. After doing so, took the picture and measurements and redid the microwave, since I didn’t have such a good camera, I wasn’t able to capture the microwave in full detail but I was able to get some detail down more than when I did it from memory. The shape and size of the microwave were accurate but the top dial was too high as I could not add any of the writing on it, this probably because the dials might have been too big and may be a bit too spread out. Next I shall measure the dials as well, along with measuring the where the dials are placed, that way I can draw the microwave more accurately.

image

To create these two drawings I used a ruler, a pencil, a rubber and then used a ipad camera and measuring tape to get a picture and the measurements of the microwave, to create the first drawing I used my memory to create the scale and the main features of the microwave. I also used my sense of perspective to make the microwave look the create size at an angle, I used shading to make it look more 3D and used my memory again to add any little details in. When creating the second image I first made the measurements much smaller than the microwave was so I could fit it on the page, then used the measurements and a ruler to create a box at an angle, I then used the picture to accurately place the dials and other features in the right place.

Evaluation

Out of both the drawings I prefer the first drawing, the one we had to use memory for, this is because I did not angle the second drawing’s lines properly, instead of the width of the microwave slightly shrinking as more distance is gained, I angled it so it would stay the same, It would work if I had the front slightly angled but it is not.

I do not think it is cheating using measurements and pictures to make the second picture as they are merely tools and the painter has to use his own initiative when placing them and using them, unlike on the documentary “Tim’s Vermeer”, Tim’s device as I believe is cheating as the painter only needs to copy from what he sees and does not need to use his own initiative when using the tool.

Unit 2- 1.1/2.1- Visual notes

For this task, I had to take down notes from watching Tim’s Vermeer documentary, here are my notes and what I have learnt. 

We first learn that Tim is a very creative man and wants to explore how Vermeer made such stunning art and wants to recreate the process as well. So he researches on art and the tools they used.

I have learnt that all art has been improved through improvement of the artists tools. For example the camera obscure which is a dark room with a small hole in one of the walls, this hole projects an upside down image of what is outside onto the inside of the dark room. I also learnt that the image can be change by changing the lens so it is brighter and changing the position of the wall with the hole in it will change the size of the image. Such as if the wall with the hole was further away from the opposite wall, the image would be small and if the wall with hole was closer to the opposite wall, it would be bigger. We also learn that human eyes compress light, which means that some of the light detail is lost, that’s why a camera absorbs more light and can tell the difference to light much better than a human.

image

Source of image: http://pixsylated.com/blog/stepping-inside-havana-camera-obscura/

Tim considered the camera obscurer but relised that it is nearly impossible to use as getting the right colours for the painting is very hard as the image projecting on the wall can make the same colour of paint look darker, whilst as White is the only colour that matches every colour.

Tim then was able to figure out another way of using the the camera obscurer, by using a small mirror facing towards an upside down image, he look at the image through the mirror as if it was on the paper. To change the position of the image on the mirror, all he had to do was to change his perspective towards the mirror.

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Source of image: http://pokeysponderings.com/tag/tim-jenison/

This worked with close up images but as Tim relised, using it with the camera obscurer would be a problem as he noticed that some of the details were too small to come through the obscurer, where as on the painting he is trying to recreate, the details were perfect and there. Tim figures out another way of doing the mirror idea by using another mirror to replace where the camera obscurer would project, this way the image is enhanced and in greater detail. There is only one flaw to this device, it causes the image to bend slightly.

In the end of the documentary, Tim is able to recreate the painting with some slight improvements knowing that image bends slightly.

My thoughts 

I think the way that Tim painted the painting was cheating, now you can argue it is just another tool for painting, like rulers and protractors but it’s the combination of using the tools and the painters initiative of placing them in the right place to create a piece of art. This is why the way Tim’s device works does not count as genuine art, this is because the painter does not need to use initiative when using Tim’s device as all you need to do is copy and use the right colours, like using the instruction sheet when building Lego, you built it but you didn’t create it.

Beaney gallery questions

For this task I had to chose three pictures from the gallery The Beaney in Canterbury and answer the questions for each one. 

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Here are my answers for each photo I chose: 

Photo 1:

Photographer: Dickie Duckett

Name of photo: Great-Crested Grebe

1. The photograher used a wide aperture to focus more on the bird and to blur any other details such as the background. The photographer also used a high shutter speed, just in case the bird decided to move, allowing the photo to be still in great detail.

2. It has a bright exposure, so no detail is lost from the picture being to dark from the forest but not to bright otherwise the picture would lose its meaning and a little bit of detail.

3. It has a shallow depth of field as the animals are more focused than the background.

4.

(I) The picture is very centred.

(II) A couple of points of interest are placed on the Great-crested grebe’s. 

(III) It has a very good vertical layout.

5. The photographer spent several days photographing their activities and learning how they behave, so he could position himself on the right riverbank

6. The photographer is trying to convey the feeling of peace and also relaxation.

7. The young birds with the adult are waiting for the other adult to return with food.

8. The photographer used a tripod to get a steady shot of the birds.

9. The photographer is in colour and if reversed, would not be able to convey the same feelings anymore, this is because colour is used to show life in the picture and without it, would give the picture the opposite effect.

10. The photographer used light to show that giving life and protecting it is a bright and wounderful thing to do.

11. I have learnt how focusing allows more attention to certain details and allows the photographer to get ride of any unnecessary detail they don’t want in the picture. I have also learnt how light can have many meanings to it.   

Photo 2: 

Photographer: Russel Savory

Photo: Geronimo

1. The photographer used a very fast shutter speed to catch the owl in high detail without it blurring. The photographer also used a wide aperture to focus more on the owl and to lose the background detail as it was unnecessary to the photo.  

2. The exposure is like a normal England day, not to dark but not to bright ether, allowing detail to be shown without nether light or dark effecting it. 

3. The photo has a shallow depth of field, focusing more on the owl and the log it is about to land on, losing any detail in the background so the view will focus more on the owl.

4.

(I) The photo uses the rule of thirds by having the owl very centre.

(II) It’s layout is done very well, it is laid out horizontally with the bottom being the log, then the middle being the Owl’s bottom half and the top being the owl’s head.

(III) It’s point of interest are good as well, being near the owl.

5. He stayed in a mobile hide for months, watching how the Owls behave and how they fly to the roof.

6. The photographer is trying to convey the feeling of excitement by catching the owl in mid flight, about to land.

7. An Owl that is in mid flight that is about to land on a log.

8. It says that the photographer used a beanbag on a window of a door frame, this way the photo can be steady, and not lose any detail form being not still.

9. The picture is in colour and if reversed would help the picture to show more detail in the owl landing. However the photo would lose its feeling of excitement as colour helps to convey that excitement to the viewer.

10. The photographer uses normal lighting of the day to show that incredible wonders happen everyday and that we should open our eyes more on the little details.

11. I have learnt that sometimes photos are better in black and white to show detail but it could also cause the photo to lose some of it good aspects.

Photo 3: 

Photographer: Tomos Brangwyn

Photo name: London Starling Gang

1. The photographer used a low angle shot to get it eye level to the starlings, The photographer also used a fish eye lens to widen the perspective.

2. The photographer used a normal level exposure but used two flash guns, this is because the photographer want to show a normal day without making it too bright, so the photographer used flash guns to light areas where photo was too dark for detail to be shown.

3. The photographer used a little bit of a shallow depth of field, this is because she wanted to have more focus on the starlings without losing all the detail in the background. This way the starlings have more attention but don’t overpower the background.

4.

(I) The photo follows the rule of thirds very nicely by having it in sections vertically.

(II) The birds are near points of interest in the photo.

(III) The photo is very centred, with the closes starlings in the middle.

5. The photographer did research into the starlings behaviour.

6. The photographer is conveying how cheeky and curious the starlings really are.

7. The photographer says “I want to bring out the cheeky and curious side starlings have that no one knows about”.

8. The photographer used two flash guns, a remote trigger and a fish eye lens. The photographer uses a remote trigger because the photographer wants to capture the starlings up close which means she has to be at a fair distance to not scare them. The fish eye lens is to capture all the starlings in one photo and the flash guns are used to allow more detail to be shown without turning up the exposure.

9. The image is in colour and if the photo was reversed it would cause the starlings to lose their characteristics.

10. The photographer uses light to give meaning to the photo, telling the viewer that the starlings have a fun, good side to them as light resembles pure and good.

11. That light can have both practical and metaphorical uses at the same time.

 

Unit 1: photography and tilt shift

On 08/10/1015 I took some pictures with different features, I will be explaining how I took them and how I can improve them.

_MG_7408

For this shot, I widened the Aperture to focus more on Luke’s head and then have the background out of focus, this technique is used to create a more dynamic photo. I could improve it by working more on the focus, adjusting the brightness a little better and to use the tripod to have more of a steady shot.

_MG_7402

For this shot, I made the shutter speed very low, this is why some of the people that are moving are a little blurry, this technique is used to show movement in objects or living things like people. I could have improved this again by turning the brightness down and timing the photo better so I could catch a lot more people, empathizing movement in the picture.

The Tilt shift: 

I will now explain how I changed the Photo I took before, to look like a Tilt shift photo after in Photoshop.

Before-

_MG_7405

After-

TILT SHIFT

What I did was I used the gradient tool to select the outside and protect the middle from editing. I first made the outside of the picture blur, so the building were blurred and the cars were blurred, after that I adjusted the saturation of the photo by increasing, this would make the photo look more toy like. Once done, I adjusted the contrast by increasing it and then decreased the brightness for the photo.

Unit 1 1.1, 1.2: 3D modeling advance

I have continued modeling my 3D microwave by adding new objects to it, which are for the buttons and dials that stick out. I have learnt how to edit the polys on 3D shapes, such removing certain parts of shapes that are not needed because they are in the shape. I also learnt how to make indent into the shape for the microwave by using proboolean, after that I was taught how to fix the texture by attaching all the objects together so they will appear in the UV editor as the front side, and then aligning the shape with the texture. I also found out that the weird shadowing on my 3D model, is because there was polygons with more than 4 sides which course the program to get confused, this was caused by proboolean.

3D microwave with more

 

Unit 4: Genre and meaning of photography

refugees syrian 

Source of image: http://www.lynseyaddario.com/war-and-revolution-in-the-middle-east/syrias-refugees/ADDARIOSYRIANREFS001/

Taken by Lynsey Addario, this photo is called Syria’s Refugees. This photo is a Documentary photograph and its purpose is to document the refugees from Syria who were running away from the war. The meaning of this photo is to show that Syria’s refugees need more help as there are so many of them, that they are all reaching out for supplies as there isn’t enough. To help convey the meaning she took a wide shot, this way she could capture all their faces so she could show the emotions they are going through, allowing people to feel more empathetic. This communicates to the veiwer that these people need more help, making the veiwer empathetic towards the refugees.

image

Source: http://www.johnpaulcaponigro.com/blog/11560/masterworks-in-my-collection-ansel-adams-clearing-winter-storm-1944/

Taken by Ansel Adams, this picture is called Yosemite Valley Clearing Winter Storm 1944. This picture is a Fine art landscape and its purpose is to show the Yosemite Valley beautie. The meaning of this picture is that there is hidden beautie in the world, that can be found by anyone; to convey the meaning a little better, he took a wide shot. This way he could capture as much beautie into the picture as possible. This makes the viewer want to explore and see the hidden beautie themselves.

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Source: http://www.dezeen.com/2012/07/02/alternate-perspectives-by-randy-scott-slavin/

Taken by Randy Scott Slavin, this photo is called Empire State. This an architecture photo, using a mirror sphere, he took a photo of its reflection which was in New York next to the Empire State Building. The purpose of this photo is to show how massive our buildings have got and show the architect of each one. The meaning of this photo is to show how we, the civilisation have built such massive buildings over time and have made huge cities. He was able to convey the meaning by using a mirror ball and positioning the camera facing towards the ball at the right place, that he could capture more buildings and gave the buildings a slight bend. This makes the veiwer interested in New York and also the Empire State by showing its vast city from a low angle.

Research on Buying a good phone at a cheap price

I was given a task to research a phone I would like and tried to find the cheapest way I could buy. We were given this task so we could practice on types of research we learnt in the lesson.

We learnt about three types of research which were primary, secondary, quantative and qualitative; primary research is when you use surveys, ask experts or other people with knowledge of the research you are doing or use your own knowledge. Secondary research is when looking up facts and information through the Internet, books and other sorts of things that contain information.

Quantitive research is research based in statistics and other numbered results, they are also short simple answers like yes or no, this kind of research can be found in pie charts, bar charts, surveys, graphs and more. Qualitative research is looking at opinions and other further explained research, this can be reviews, surveys with questions that are more than just a yes or no answer and hypotheses.

I chose two phones and compared them, I also made a Table.

Here are my results between the buying the IPhone 5s and the Galaxy 6S edge at different companies.

table of phone prices

Table for phone costs

Research on buying phone

Evaluation of my research 

I think I did pretty well researching into phones, used both my own knowledge and the Internet to research the phones, the research would be both primary and secondary research. I looked at quantative research using deals to bring down the cost of the phones and SIM card I would get. I used a little bite qualitative research to see what phone was better, I looked at reviews on both of them, then started the quantative.